Meniere's disease affects women more than men



Photo by Instagram

The British singer Jessie J announced a few days ago on Instagram that she went to the doctor for an ENT consultation, which indicated that she was suffering from Meniere's disease.



Unfortunately, the artist started to feel worse and worse, having dizziness, losing her hearing in her left ear and had to be admitted to the hospital for more investigations.



Meniere's disease is a disease of the inner ear that causes spontaneous episodes of vertigo together with intermittent hearing loss, sounds in the ear (tinnitus) and sometimes with the feeling of pressure in the ear.




Meniere's disease is a clinical disorder defined by the syndrome of idiopathic endolymphatic hydrops. Specifically: recurrent, spontaneous bouts of vertigo (dizziness), hearing loss, aural fullness and tinnitus.



Autoimmune diseases, such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis, thyroid pathologies and the presence of antithyroid antibodies, allergies or certain food factors can be triggers of Meniere's disease.

Episodes of vertigo may be replaced by vision and balance disturbances, such as difficulty walking in the dark or a sudden loss of balance.

Complications produced by Meniere's disease can include:




-accidents and disabilities caused by vertigo;

-permanent tinnitus

-injuries caused by falls;

-anxiety, especially at the onset of symptoms;

-hearing loss and progressive loss of balance.





To diagnose the disease, it is recommended:

laboratory tests to exclude other diseases;

imaging examinations;

audiometry;

electrocochleography

the Dix-Hallpike positional test is used to assess vertigo.



Info: www.bioclinica.ro





The diagnosis of Meniere's disease is relatively difficult to establish, especially in the initial period when some symptoms may be missing from the clinical picture. Women are somewhat more frequently affected than men, with a ratio of 1:1.3 between men and women.



Meniere's disease is not associated with mortality, but with the morbidity produced by various fall traumas, caused by loss of balance.



The acute episode, in the initial stages, is manifested by violent, spontaneous vertigo, fluctuating hearing loss, full ear sensation and/or tinnitus accompanied by nausea or vomiting.




Episodes can last from 20 minutes to 2-4 hours. They can appear several times a week or at intervals of weeks, months and even years. The symptoms may disappear without ever appearing again or they may become so severe as to be disabling.



The period between two episodes can be completely asymptomatic in some people, while others show some symptoms. In the late stages of Meniere's disease, the hearing loss is more severe and less fluctuating.

Tinnitus and/or the sensation of aural fullness can be stronger and more constant.


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